Catalytic converters are a type of exhaust present in most vehicles these days. They help turn harmful engine emissions into less harmful ones, reducing the negative impact of fuel-powered cars on our environment.
But not all cars driving on the road these days are equipped with catalytic converters. So, which cars don’t need catalytic converters? Can fuel-powered vehicles function without one in the long run?
Catalytic converters are an integral part of almost all modern cars. They’re essential for turning harmful emissions into less harmful ones. As a result, all fuel-powered cars these days have catalytic converters.
The only automobile vehicles that don’t have catalytic converters are electric vehicles. They don’t need catalytic converters since they’re completely emissions-free, so there’s nothing to convert.
What exactly do catalytic converters do?
To put it simply, a catalytic converter is a type of exhaust. In fuel-powered automobile vehicles, catalytic converters help turn harmful substances, such as carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, and nitrogen dioxide, into less harmful substances like carbon dioxide and water vapor.
As a result, catalytic converters help make fuel-powered vehicles less harmful to the environment than they used to be without this type of exhaust.
Catalytic converters are primarily installed in automobile vehicles to help reduce their harmful emissions, but they can be used for other types of transportation vehicles.
What types of cars don’t have catalytic converters?
All fuel-powered cars these days have catalytic converters. In fact, it’s illegal in some regions of the world to drive a fuel-powered car without a catalytic converter, and removing it is a criminal offense.
With that said, though, some automobile vehicles don’t require catalytic converters, and they are manufactured without them. In fact, this is the only group of cars that don’t need catalytic converters: electric vehicles (EVs).
Electric vehicles are powered by an electric battery. As a result, there’s no internal combustion happening in the engine. This means that they don’t produce any emissions, which makes them completely emissions-free.
Some of the most common types of electric cars on the market include Teslas. This brand only produces electric cars that don’t have catalytic converters and produce zero emissions.
Other brands that produce electric cars are Nissan, Volvo, Rivian, and Ford. Plus, as of the first half of 2022, Chevrolet produces two models of fully electric cars.
Do hybrid cars have catalytic converters?
Hybrids are vehicles that rely on two or more types of power. When it comes to automobile vehicles, this usually means electricity and fuel.
There are several types of part-electric cars, and these include non-plug-in hybrids and plug-in hybrids. These types of hybrid vehicles have both an electric batter and a fuel tank. This means that the user can switch between these two energy sources as they see fit.
The reason why hybrids have become popular is that they allow the user to switch from one source of power to another while driving. This is a win-win in terms of energy efficiency since sometimes it might be more efficient to use electricity and, other times, fuel.
Since hybrid vehicles are both battery- and fuel-powered, this also means that they do have catalytic converters.
They need this type of exhaust to turn the harmful gases produced during internal combustion in the engine. While hybrid cars don’t rely on this method of powering the engine all the time, a catalytic converter is still required for the times the car does use it.
Some of the most popular brands that produce hybrid vehicles include Toyota, Skoda, BMW, Mercedes, Hyundai, Ford, Honda, and Lexus. In fact, most car manufacturing brands these days produce hybrid cars.
Can a fuel-powered car drive without a catalytic converter?
Fuel-powered cars can drive without a catalytic converter without a problem. But this isn’t advisable.
First of all, removing a catalytic converter from your car is illegal in many regions of the world. In fact, it’s a criminal offense. So, if your car comes with a preinstalled catalytic converter, it’s crucial that you leave it there.
What’s more, driving a car that has a preinstalled catalytic converter without one can decrease the efficiency of the engine. This is because the oxygen sensors in your car are used for catalytic converters. So, removing them with lead to a reduction in engine power.
So, even though driving a fuel-powered car without a catalytic converter won’t harm your engine, the vehicle won’t be as efficient as it used to be.
Do all fuel-powered cars have catalytic converters?
These days, it’s a requirement in most regions of the world for a fuel-powered car to be equipped with a catalytic converter. This is because it helps protect the environment by reducing the emission of harmful gases into the atmosphere.
Back in the day, catalytic converters weren’t that common, and most cars didn’t have them. Catalytic converters have been in use since 1978 and, in some regions of the world, even earlier. As a result, there are no cars in regular use these days that don’t have catalytic converters.
With that said, very old car models might not have the space for a catalytic converter. But such cars are barely in use nowadays.
Can you install a catalytic converter on an electric car?
Electric cars rely on electricity as a power source. This means that there’s no internal combustion that can lead to the emission of harmful gases and other substances.
As a result, fully electric cars don’t require catalytic converters since there’s nothing to convert.
In the same way, there’s no place to install a catalytic converter on an electric car, even if someone wanted to.
With the recent focus on the environment and protecting it, more and more automobile vehicles that drive on the roads are powered by electric batteries. As a result, they don’t require catalytic converters since they’re completely emissions-free.
Still, many people continue to drive fuel-powered vehicles. These types of cars do have catalytic converters, which makes them slightly less harmful to the environment than cars without this type of exhaust.